Meeting on 2023 City Council and Queens District Attorney candidates – January 19, 2023


George Grasso, candidate for Queens District Attorney

George Grasso, Queens District Attorney
Juan Pagan, City Council 2nd District
Robert Bobrick, City Council 3rd District
Elizabeth Golluscio, City Counil 5th District
Scott Harney, City Council 23rd District
Daniella May, City Council 31st District
Arkadiusz Tomaszewski, City Council 39th District
Michael Ragusa, City Council 47th District

Eric Berend, City Council 1st District
Zhile Cao, City Council 29th District
Mitchell Bosch, City Council 37th District

Juan Pagan, Robert Bobrick, Elizabeth Golluscio, Scott Harney, Daniella May, Arkadiusz Tomaszewski, Michael Ragua

Election of the Chairman of the club’s board (David Abraham, Martha Rowen, and Vic Starsky)

Gerald Kann, Elizabeth Golluscio, Eric Berend, Gerard Lally, David Kemp, Jimmy Schwatzman, Isaiah Vega, Robert Bobrick, Martha Rowen, Wesley Rose, Juan Pagan, Carol Krohn, Kathleen Lally, Joel Solomon, Daniella May, Stephen Weiner, David Abraham, Sharon Liao, Arkadiuz Tomaszewski and Danniel Maio
Candidates Issues

Election Saga of Tom Sullivan 23AD and Lester Chang 49AD

On November 8, 2022, Republican flipped 4 State Assembly seats in Queens and Brooklyn:  Tom Sullivan topped Stacey G. Pfeffer Amato by 246 votes in the 23rd District; Michael Novakhov trounced Steven Cymbrowitz by 4,215 votes in the 45th District; Alec Brook-Krasny bettered Mathylde Frontus by 797 votes in the 46th District; and Lester Chang knocked out Peter Abbate by 668 votes in the 49th District.

Queens: 23AD.  Assemblywoman Stacey G. Pfeffer Amato sued (Nov 15).  After absentee votes were cured and counted, Republican challenger Sullivan won by 3 votes (Nov 23).  Recount placed Assemblywoman Pfeffer-Amato up by 1 vote (Dec. 7).  Assemblywoman Amato won two court cases.  She led by 8 votes when counting 11 “overvotes” (Dec 22).  Count of the 74 “cured” ballots, 4 affidavits, and 11 “overvotes” gave her a 15 vote-margin and the win.  (Jan 4).

Brooklyn: 49AD.  Unlike in Queens, Assemblyman Peter J. Abbate, Jr. did not sue.  Instead, Assemblyman-Elect Lester Chang had to appear before the Assembly Judiciary Committee with mountain of documents.  He was seated January 3, 2023.

Photo by Yiatin Chiu.

Candidates Issues

Meeting on 2022 General Election results – December 15, 2022

Wrapped up 2022.  On January 19, club will introduce Queens District Attorney and City Council 2023 candidates.

7 candidates presented their stories and recommendations.

Paul King, Congress 5th ag Gregory Meeks
Juan Pagan, Congress 7th ag Nydia Velazquez
Steve Speer, Congress 10th ag Dan Goldman
Robert Bobrick, State Senate 47th ag Brad Hoylman
Martha Rowen, State Senate 26th ag Andrew Giournardes
Arkadiusz Tomaszewski, State Assembly 44th ag Robert Carroll
Marilyn Miller, State Assembly 32nd ag Vivian Cook

3 chairman of the board candidates were nominated.
Martha Rowen, Vic Starsky and David Abraham.

Post election analysis by Eric Vineski


General Elections 2022 – November 8 (Queens ballot)

Election Night Results Official (Unofficial)

Governor / Lieutenant Governor
(12,124,242 voters; 5,788,802 voted in 2022)
(47.01% 2,666,840) Lee Zeldin / Alison Esposito R,C
(52.16% 2,958,664) Kathy Hochul / Anthonio Delgado D,WF ✅

(12,124,242 voters; 5,788,698 voted in 2022)
(41.91% 2,377,371) Paul Rodriguez R,C
(55.00% 3,119,605) Thomas P. DiNapoli D,WF ✅

Attorney General
(12,124,242 voters; 5,788,704 voted in 2022)
(44.78% 2,540,194) Michael Henry R,C,I
(52.66% 2,986,772) Leticia James D,WF ✅

United States Senator
(12,124,242 voters; 5,794,295 voted in 2022)
(42.54% 2,415,191) Joe Pinion R,C
(55.05% 3,125,137) Charles E. Schumer D,WF ✅
(0.45% 25,478) Diane Sare LaRouche

Judges of the Civil Court
(1,218,685 voters; 392,205 voted in 2022)
65.75% 257,873 (65.32% 241,124) Karen Lin D ✅
63.91% 250,671 (63.58% 234,686) Maria T. Gonzalez D ✅
35.98% 141,121 (32.84% 121,235) William D. Shanahan R,C,I
34.16% 133,970 (31.12% 114,893) Daniel Kogan R,C,I

US House District 3 Map
(533,630 voters; 274,555 voted in 2022)
(52.55% 142,017) George Anthony Devolder-Santos R,C ✅
(44.42% 120,060) Robert P. Zimmerman D,WF

US House District 5 Map
(424,913 voters: 138,986 voted in 2022)
24.76% 34,407 (23.92% 32,393) Paul King R,C
75.11% 104,395 (72.34% 97,981) Gregory Meeks D ✅

US House District 6 Map
(376,884 voters: 133,114 voted in 2022; 226,711 in 2020; 129,856 in 2018)
36.01% 47,504 (35.49% 46,188) Thomas J. Zmich R,C,MF
63.89% 85,049 (61.09% 79,506) Grace Meng D ✅

US House District 7 Map
(416,153 voters; 148,304 voted in 2022)
19.28% 28,597 (18.82% 27,142) Juan Pagan R,C
80.56% 119,473 (77.64% 111,968) Nydia Velazquez D,WF ✅

US House District 14 Map
(375,618 voters; 116,790 voted in 2022)
27.34% 31,935 (26.14% 30,661) Tina Forte R
1.89% 2,208 (1.81% 2,128) Desi Cuellar C
70.60% 74,050 (67.18% 78,788) Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez D,WF ✅

State Senate 10 Map
(172,886 voters; 44,527 voted and 17,108 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
98.55% 43,880 (98.60% 40,786) James Sanders D ✅

State Senate 11 Map
(176,566 voters; 67,943 voted in 2022, 113,236 voted in 2020, 67,381 in 2018)
43.24% 29,378 (43.98% 27,336) Stefano Forte R,C
56.70% 38,524 (55.96% 34,784) Toby Ann Stavisky D,WF ✅

State Senate 12 Map
(157,2342 voters; 42,183 voted and 14,933 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
98.43% 41,521 (98.38% 39,376) Michael N. Gianaris D,WF ✅

State Senate 13 Map
(128,569 voters; 28,633 voted and 8,511 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
28,201 98.49% (98.53% 27,159) Jessica Ramos D,WF ✅

State Senate 14 Map
(187,198 voters; 58,345 voted and 11,832 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
99.19% 57,872 (99.19% 55,052) Leroy G. Comrie D ✅

State Senate 15 Map
(161,766 voters; 53,096 voted in 2022, 97,057 in 2020, 53,584 in 2018)
42.65% 22,643 (43.00% 21,693) Danniel Maio R,C,I,MF
57.22% 30,381 (56.86% 28,693) Joseph P. Addabbo D,WTP ✅

State Senate 16 Map
(162,339 voters; 49,798 voted in 2022, 84,639 in 2020, 48,322 in 2018)
41.66% 20,748 (42.23% 19,921) Ruben D. Cruz II R,C,I
57.66% 28,716 (57.67% 27,202) John Liu D,WF ✅

State Senate 18 Map
(171,110 voters; 51,576 voted in 2022)
No Republican candidate
(98.69% 39,881) Julia Salazar D,WF ✅

State Senate 19 Map
(175,504 voters; 49,379 voted in 2022)
No Republican candidate
(99.64% 42,504) Roxanne J. Persaud, D ✅

State Senate 59 Map
(171,227 voters; 77,301 voted in 2022)
No Republican candidate
(98.91% 64,786) Kristen S. Gonzalez D,WF ✅

State Assembly 23 Map
(74,701 voters; 47,837 voted in 2020, 29,611 in 2018)
(50.37% 15,246) Thomas P. Sullivan R,C ✅
(49.56% 15,000) Stacey G Pheffer Amato D,WTP

State Assembly 24 Map
(69,901 voters; 16,109 voted and 6,450 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
98.68% 15,897 (98.65% 14,869) David I. Weprin D ✅

State Assembly 25 Map
(62,445 voters; 21,857 voted in 2022, 36,333 in 2020, 20,390 in 2018)
42.86% 8,839 (43.34% 8,535) Seth Breland R
56.98% 11,752 (56.50% 11,126) Nily D. Rozic, D,WF ✅

State Assembly 26 Map
(76,995 voters; 35,441 voted in 2022; 51,495 in 2020, 32,140 in 2018)
45.51% 15,551 (46.06% 15,176) Robert J. Speranza R,C
54.41% 18,590 (53.87% 17,748) Edward C. Braunstein D ✅

State Assembly 27 Map
(64,369 voters; 24,803 voted in 2022)
41.88% 9,937 (42.30% 9,675) Angelo King R,C
58.01% 13,763 (57.60% 13,175) Daniel Rosenthal D ✅

State Assembly 28 Map
(77,880 voters; 36,337 voted in 2022, 52,932 in 2020, 31,999 in 2018)
41.67% 14,704 (42.38% 14,298) Michael Conigliaro R,C
58.24% 20,550 (57.55% 19,416) Andrew D. Hevesi D,WF ✅

State Assembly 29 Map
(79,278 voters; 23,997 voted and 2,579 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
99.78% 23,945 (99.77% 22,580) Alicia Hyndman D,WF ✅

State Assembly 30 Map
(63,729 voters; 19,670 voted in 2022, 37,724 in 2020, 20,825 in 2018)
41.53% 8,169 (42.02% 7,971) Sean S. Lally R,MF
58.33% 11,473 (57.84% 10,972) Steven Raga D ✅

State Assembly 31 Map
(66,544 voters; 15,676 voted and 2,940 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
99.39% 15,589 (99.38% 14,831) Khaleel M. Anderson D,WF ✅

State Assembly 32 Map
(72,754 voters; 21,619 voted in 2022, 42,361 in 2020, 28,248 in 2018)
8.17% 1,766 (8.48% 1,679) Marilyn Miller R
85.04% 18,385 (84.96% 16,828) Vivian Cook, D ✅
6.69% 1,446 (6.48% 1,284) Anthony D. Andrew Jr. WF

State Assembly 33 Map
(84,064 voters; 24,456 voted and 5,745 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
99.38% 24,305 (99.47% 21,829) Clyde Vanel D ✅

State Assembly 34 Map
(65,354 voters; 16,735 voted and 6,032 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
98.30% 16,451 (98.32% 15,600) Jessica González-Rojas D,WF ✅

State Assembly 35 Map
(52,353 voters; 10,317 voted and 4,659 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
98.56% 10,168 (98.53% 9,729) Jeffrion L. Aubry D ✅

State Assembly 36 Map
(74,864 voters; 24,428 voted and 5,905 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
98.62% 24,090 (98.61% 22,710) Zohran K. Mamdani D,WF ✅

State Assembly 37 Map
(71,945 voters; 22,547 voted and 6,640 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
98.52% 22,214 (98.51% 20,996) Juan Ardila D,WF ✅

State Assembly 38 Map
(61,847 voters; 11,922 voted and 5,604 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
97.82% 11,662 (97.81% 10,743) Jennifer Rajkumar D ✅

State Assembly 39 Map
(53,545 voters; 12,560 voted and 4,926 unrecorded in 2022)
No Republican candidate
98.00% 12,309 (98.03% 11,370) Catalina Cruz D,WF ✅

State Assembly 40 Map
(52,044 voters; 15,388 voted in 2022, 27,672 in 2020, 15,386 in 2018)
48.81% 7,695 (48.05% 6,971) Sharon Liao R,C
51.07% 8,051 (51.84% 7,521) Ron Kim D,WF ✅


Meeting to help our Republican Candidates – October 13, 2022

Thank you, candidates and volunteers!  Heavy rain did not stop us.

Speakers in presentation order
Diane Sare, LaRouche ag Chuck Schumer
• Vlad Mosheyev for Lee Zeldin ag Gov Hochul
Michael Conigliaro, State Assembly 28th ag Andrew Hevesi
Marilyn Miller, State Assembly 32nd ag Vivian Cook
Joseph A. Maffia, State Assembly 75th ag Tony Simone
Arkadiusz Tomaszewski, State Assembly 44th ag Robert Carroll
Tina Forte, Congress 14th ag Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
Michael Zumbluskas, Congress 12th ag Jerry Nadler
Paul King, Congress 5th ag Gregory Meeks
Steve Speer, Congress 10th ag Dan Goldman
Tom Zmich, Congress 6th ag Grace Meng
• Isaiah Vega on behalf of Juan Pagan, Congress 7th ag Nydia Velazquez
• Daniel Kogan, Civil Court Judge
Martha Rowen, State Senate 26th ag Andrew Giournardes
Robert Bobrick, State Senate 47th ag Brad Hoylman
• William D. Shanahan, Civil Court Judge
Danniel Maio, State Senate 15th ag Joe Addabbo

Adjourned at 10:06 pm.


New York City Districting Commission 2023 City Council Maps

New York City Districting Commission proposed maps.  The City Council is expected to approve the final version on or before December 7, 2022.


Meeting on COVID – September 8, 2022

The club thanks our speakers and Steve Speer for organizing the panelists.  Recording of the speakers, thanks to Christopher Leon Johnson and to NYCForYourself for videos of Fischer, Gilmore, and Cox.

Greg Fischer

Retired business owner and Economist, with degrees including:  General Management, from CUNY; Finance, SUNY New Paltz; Operations Management, SUNY Albany.

He is a 911 First Responder, Publisher of the Political Patriot Newspaper, Father of 4, lives in Calverton, New York.

He has waged many Political campaigns in Suffolk County, NY for the past 12 years.  In 2022 he started to conduct free Public Seminars helping more than 500 people who refused to be vaccinated and lost their jobs to re-apply and fight for unemployment benefits.  Has made significant legal attacks upon the Covid Vaccine Mandates and Mask Mandates.  He continues to research and document the negative effects of the Covid Vaccines and boosters.  He could be reached via Telegram @GregFischerUS. (Rumble with permission from NYCForYourself)

John Gilmore

John Gilmore has been an advocate for 20 years working on issues related to autism, developmental disabilities and vaccine injury and rights, including access to health care, insurance coverage, epidemiology,  special education, civil rights and liberties, vaccine safety and consent issues. He is a founder and Executive Director of Children’s Health Defense New York Chapter. And he serves as the Executive Director of the Autism Action Network, a national 501c4 non-profit organization that works on issues related to autism, developmental disabilities, civil rights, and vaccine policy. He is the founder of the Autism Community Walk, and serves on the board of the New York Alliance for Vaccination Rights. He lives in Long Beach, New York, with his wife and his adult vaccine-injured son who is diagnosed with autism. He has a Master’s degree in public policy from the University of California, Berkeley. (Rumble with permission from NYCForYourself)

Bobbie Anne Flower Cox

Bobbie Anne Flower Cox has been a New York attorney for almost 25 years.  Formerly with a large, international law firm, Attorney Cox is now the principal at Cox Lawyers, PLLC.  She has extensive experience suing government entities on behalf of her clients, particularly with regards to unjust property valuations.  She recently won a historic lawsuit against New York Governor Kathy Hochul and the NYS Department of Health, striking down their unconstitutional quarantine camp regulation.  In so doing, Attorney Cox has saved millions of New Yorkers from suffering the probable effects of illegal forced quarantines by a tyrannical State government that is truly out of control.  Shamefully, Governor Hochul and Attorney General Letitia James plan to appeal.  (Youtube  Rumble With permission from NYCForYourself)

1. Pledge of Allegiance 7:29
2. Reading of club’s Mission Statement (Jim Strawhorn)
3. Roll call of officers and board members (Vic Starsky)
4. Reading of club’s 7/21 minutes (David Kemp)
5. Report of the Financial Secretary/Treasurer (Yuon Tai Bak)
6. Committee Reports
– Election Integrity – August 23 Primary (Yuon Tai Bak)
– Queens Infrastructure (Danette Rivera)– Nominating and membership (October 13)
7. Old Business
– Non-Citizen Voting (Kathrine James, July 27, 2022)
– Redraw State Assembly line (September 16, 2022)
– Proposed City Council lines (Ruben Cruz)
8. Announcements
– Congestion Pricing Hearing (online comment until September 9)
4 Proposals on the November ballot
Middle Village GOP (Craig Caruana)
South Queens Republican Club (Sept 20)
Bridge to Life 30th Anniversary Gala (Sept 25)
Queens Village Republican Club (Phil Orenstein)
– Northern Manhattan Republicans (Edwin de la Cruz)
Blexit Foundation (Dion Powell)
– Marijuana litigation plaintiffs wanted (Haris Bhatti)
– Square Deal (Joe Concannon)
– Conservative Republican Alliance (Chris Wright)
– Free Yankees vs Pittsburgh Pirates tickets (September 20, 7 pm)
– 50/50 Raffle (1. 3 steins, 2. 2 weeks Taichi lessons by Master Joan, 3. Influence, New And Expanded: The Psychology of Persuasion, by Robert B. Cialdini, Ph.D. – a classic – practically an encyclopedia on the subject of persuasion, 4. How To Work A Room, Fully Revised and Updated: The Ultimate Guide to Making Lasting Connections – in Person and Online, by Susan Roane – also a classic – the title speaks for itself)

9. New Business – CQRC investigates COVID and November ballot Candidates
Tom Zmich, 6th Congressional
Robert Bobrick, 47th State Senatorial (Manhattan)
Martha Rowen, 26th State Senatorial (Brooklyn)
– Cynthia Acevedo-Nelson, 70th State Assembly (Manhattan)
– Arkadiusz Tomaszewski, 44th State Assembly (Brooklyn)
– Steve Speer, 10th Congressional (did not speak)
Danniel Maio, 15th State Senatorial (did not speak)

– Next two meetings are on October 13 and November 8 at Anshe Sholom Chabad in Kew Gardens.
10. Adjournment 9:38

Becoming a Poll Worker.


Meeting on Corruption in Albany – July 21, 2022

Our two featured speakers were Paul Rodriguez, Republican, Conservative and Independence candidate for State Comptroller and Matteo Moran, Manager of External Affairs at Manhattan Institute

Blair Horner of the NY Public Interest Research Group and Brad Lander, City Comptroller were also invited.  Blair had a scheduling conflict and Brad’s manager did not respond.

Other Speakers
1. Alex Syrov presented a clear frontline news from Ukraine.
2. Katherine James asked for members to join the “amen corner” on Friday, July 29, 9:30 at the Richmond County Supreme Court, 32 Central Avenue.
3. Yuon Tai Bak reported his June primary election integrity findings, and is looking for volunteers to convass the August 23 primary.  His email is

4.  Angelo King (R,C) candidate for State Assembly, 27 District.
5. Martha Rowen (Medical Freedom) candidate for State Senate, 26 District
6. Arkadius Tomaszewski (Medical Freedom) candidate for State Assembly, 44 District.
7.  Juan Pagan (R,C) candidate for US Congress, 7th District
8. Ruben Cruz (R,C,I) candidate for State Senate, 16th District
9. Chris Sperber (R,C) candidate for State Assembly, 11th District
10. Aamir Sultan (R,C) candidate for State Assembly, 10 District
11. Robert Bobrick (Medical Freedom) candidate for State Assembly, 47 District
12. Helen Qiu (R,C) candidate for State Assembly, 65 District
13.  Steve Speer (Medical Freedom) candidate for US Congress, 10th District
14. Marvin Jeffcoat (R) candidate for City Council, 26th District
15.  Mesidor Azor (R) candidate for State Assembly, 43rd District Special Election

Important Dates
– July 15, 2022 (First draft of the City Council lines)
– July 29, 2022 (Kathrine James’ lawsuit before Richmond County Supreme Court)
– July 31, 2022 (Family Fun Day BBQ sponsored by Republican Patriots)
– August 19, 2022 (Schedule announcement on redrawing the State Assembly line)
– August 22, 2022 (Northern Manhattan Republicans)
– August 23, 2022 (Congressional/Senate Primaries)


Republican Primary – June 28, 2022

Lee Zeldin
Rob Astorino (Spoke 1/26)
Andrew Giuliani (Spoke 1/26)
Harry Wilson
x Skiboky Stora
x Derrick Gibson (Spoke 1/26)
*Mike Carpinelli (Spoke 1/26)

Lt. Governor (no primary)
Alison Esposito (Zeldin)
x Michael J. Grace (Astorino)
*Anthony Cibelli (Gibson, Spoke 1/26)

Attorney General (no primary)
Michael Henry
*Joseph Holland
*John Sarcone III

Comptroller (no primary)
Paul Rodriguez (to speak at club on July 21)

US Senate (no primary)
Joseph Pinion
*Aleksander Mici
*Mark Szuszkiewicz (Spoke 1/26)
*Joshua Eisen
*Pat Hahn (Spoke 1/26)

* Candidate did not file designating petition due April 7, 2022.
x Candidates ruled off the ballot

Anthony Cibelli, Mike Carpinelli, Pat Hahn, Mark Szuszkiewicz, Derrick Gibson, Andrew Giuliani at club’s January 26, 2022 meeting.

County Committee races
✅ Nirmal C. Paul (048/24)
Rina B. Bhuyain (048/24)
✅ Peter J. Spanopoulos (048/24)
Steve B. Schwartzberg (048/24)
✅ Ira Chazen (058/24)
✅ Anthony J. Zingale (058/24)
Andre S. Sarouna (058/24)
✅ Elena Chin (062/24)
✅ James F. Coppola (062/24)
Biane Peralta (062/24)
✅ Eileen F. Korby (017/25)
✅ Sol Korby (017/25)
Natasha Niemiec (017/25)
Maria A. Molesso (017/25)
Christopher L. Hanson (001/26)
✅ Felix W. Henckel (001/26)
✅ Caroline S. Vereline (001/26)
✅ Donald E. Keating (012/26)
✅ Philip S. Grillo (012/26)
Richard P. Zaslow (012/26)
Annie Zaslow (012/26)
Hemant M. Shah (014/26)
✅ Anita Diana (014/26)
✅ Thomas Diana (014/26)
Thomas Nguy (021/26)
✅ Robert J. Bishop (021/26)
✅ Suzanne L. Chronowitz (021/26)
Alan Laufer (021/26)
Marjorie E. Schulberg-Ulmer (054/26)
✅ Jeffrey M. Ulmer (054/26)
Ellen Laperna (054/26)
✅ Joseph J. Laperna (054/26)

Field Reports
(1) Some Republican voters were given Democrat ballots at PS101, PS99, West Side High School and Hunter College. (2) Several voters who changed their voter registration to Republican could not vote Republican. (3) Pollsite at PS682 did not have Republican ballots.  (4) Changed ED boundaries also meant changed pollsite in several cases.  No warning was issued, and many pollsites were further away and more difficult for seniors to walk to.  These incidents are being checked by our Election Integrity Committee.

Comments on low voter turnout by Gary Tilzer.

Candidates Issues

Meeting on Abortion & Reproductive Rights – June 22, 2022

Updated:  June 24, 2022.  In a 6-3 decision, Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization overruled Roe and Casey.  Opinion of the Supreme Court 19-1392.

Ameer Benno presented the case’s background at the June 22 club meeting.

Roe v. Wade: 410 US 113 (1973)
• In a 7-2 decision, the Supreme Court ruled that the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment provides a “right to privacy” that protects a pregnant woman’s right to choose whether or not to have an abortion.
• It also ruled that this right is not absolute, and must be balanced against the government’s interests in protecting women’s health and prenatal life.
• The court tied the state’s regulation of abortion to the three trimesters of pregnancy; during the first trimester, governments could not prohibit abortions at all.
• The Court defined the right to an abortion as “fundamental,” which require courts to evaluate challenged abortion laws under the “strict scrutiny” standard.

Planned Parenthood v. Casey: 505 US 833 (1992)
• Upheld the “essential holding” of Roe – the constitutional right to have an abortion
• Overturned the Roe trimester framework in favor of a viability analysis
• The Court also replaced the “strict scrutiny” standard of review required by Roe with the “undue burden” standard under which abortion restrictions would be unconstitutional if enacted for “the purpose or effect of placing a substantial obstacle in the path of a woman seeking an abortion of a nonviable fetus.”

Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization (2022)
Three Questions Presented in Certiorari Petition before the Supreme Court:

  1. Are all pre-viability prohibitions on elective abortions unconstitutional?  SCOTUS considers only this question on May 17, 2021.
  2. Whether the validity of a pre-viability prohibition should be analyzed under Casey’s “undue burden” standard or under Hellerstedt’s balancing of benefits and burdens?
  3. Do abortion providers have a legal right to challenge laws that ban or restrict abortions on behalf of their patients (third-party standing)?

Constitutional Arguments

  • Casey did not embrace Roe’s reasoning – it based the abortion right on “the liberty this Court has afforded to certain personal decisions.”
  • But a right to abortion is not a “liberty” that enjoys protection under the Due Process Clause.  That Clause “specially protects those fundamental rights and liberties which are, objectively, deeply rooted in this Nation’s history and tradition, and implicit in the concept of ordered liberty, such that neither liberty nor justice would exist if they were sacrificed.”
  • “History does not show a deeply rooted right to abortion.  Rather, history shows a long tradition – up to, at, and long after ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment – of States restricting abortion.  At the end of 1849, 10 of the 30 States had statutes restricting abortion; by the end of 1864, 27 of the 36 States had them; and, at the end of 1868, the year the Fourteen Amendment was ratified, 30 of the 37 States had such laws, as did 6 Territories.”
  • “And when Roe v. Wade was decided [in 1973], most States had restricted abortions for at least a century.”

Government’s Interest (Dobbs)

  • Protecting the Life of the Unborn.  “At 5-6 weeks’ gestation, an unborn human being’s heart begins beating.  At about 8 weeks’ gestation, all basic physiological functions are present, as are teeth, eyes, and external genitalia.  At 10 weeks, vital organs begin to function and “hair, fingernails, and toenails begin to form.  At 11 weeks, an unborn human being’s diaphragm is developing, and he or she may even hiccup.  At 12 weeks’ gestation, he or she can open and close fingers, starts to make sucking motions, and senses stimulation from the world outside the womb.  He or she has taken on the human form in all relevant respects.”
  • Protecting the Medical Profession.  “Most abortion procedures performed after 15 weeks’ gestation, the Legislature found, are dilation-and-evacuation procedures that involve the use of surgical instruments to crush and tear the unborn child apart before removing the pieces of the dead child from the womb.  The Legislature found that this is a barbaric practice when performed for nontherapeutic reasons and is demeaning to the medical profession.”
  • Protecting the Health of the Women.  “Dilation-and-evacuation abortions risk ‘(m)edical complications.’  These include: pelvic infection; incomplete abortions (retained tissue); blood clots; heavy bleeding or hemorrhages; laceration, tear, or other injury to the cervix; puncture, laceration, tear, or other injury to the uterus; injury to the bowel or bladder; depression; anxiety; substance abuse; and other emotional or psychological problems.”
  • The “United States is one of few countries that permit elective abortions after 20 weeks’ gestation.”
  • “After 12 weeks’ gestation, 75% of all nations “do not permit abortion except (in most instances) to save the life and to preserve the physical health of the mother.”
  • “If a State’s interests are compelling enough after viability to support a prohibition, they are equally compelling before then.”

Respondent’s Arguments (Jackson Women’s Health Organization)

  • Viability is a “clear” line, which helps ensure that an individual’s right to “retain the ultimate control over her destiny and her body” is not “extinguished.”
  • Nothing “ha(s) rendered viability more or less appropriate as the point at which the balance of interest tips.  This is so regardless of ongoing medical advances, of which the Court was well aware in Casey.”
  • “Far from being arbitrary, unsatisfactory, or a moving target as Mississippi asserts, the viability line has proved enduringly workable, representing as it does a simple limitation beyond which a state law is unenforceable.”
  • “Viability has not moved – and instead has remained the same – since 1992, when this Court decided Casey.  At that time, the Court noted that viability in a normally progressing pregnancy occurred at approximately 23 to 24 weeks, and that is where it remains today.

Cathy Donohoe.  “New York should stop presenting abortion as the best and only option for struggling women and harassing any pro-life pregnancy center that may help women keep their babies.

The signing comes after both houses of legislature passed bills strengthening not only the right to abortion care in the state, but transgender care for patients.

The six bills passed by the legislature include:

• Protecting medical professionals from misconduct charges for providing legal abortions.
• Prevaenting extradition of defendant in abortion related cases if they’re charged in another state
• Protected the address information of employees and volunteers working with abortion providers
• Creating a task force to study the impact of “limited-service pregnancy centers”

In May, Hochul and state Democrats doubled down their efforts on abortion rights after the controversial leak of a document from the Supreme Court on the Roe v. Wade decision.  Hochul pledged that the state would invest $35 million to support abortion providers across New York while New York Attorney General Letitia James pushed for $50 million for a Reproductive Freedom and Equity Program, a total of $85 million, both to be funded through state health department grants.

‘The women of New York will never be subjugated to government-mandated pregnancies,” Gov. Hochul said, “because that’s what will ensure if Roe v. Wade is overturned by the Supreme Court.'”

Alice Lemos of Jewish Pro-Life Foundation.  I have been a member of the Board of the Jewish Pro Life Foundation for approximately a year and a half.  Our mission is to enlighten the world and our fellow Jews with the fact that Judaism is the original pro-life religion and, in fact, that Christianity and Islam obtain their pro-life views from Judaism – certainly not from the surrounding pagan cultures which practiced child sacrifice.   In fact, the Roman historian Tacitus condemned Jews and Christians because they would not sacrifice their children.  He wrote:  “They learn to despise the gods. . . and see to it that their numbers increase.  It is a deadly sin to kill an unwanted child, and they think that eternal life is granted to those who die in battle or execution – hence their eagerness to have children, and their contempt for death. . . the Jewish religion is a purely spiritual monotheism.”  Note Tacitus’ contempt for the Jews for their refusal to practice infanticide or to kill sickly babies which the Romans and Greeks did freely.  What is partial or late-term abortion except the modern version of infanticide?  And let us not forget the destruction of the Downs Syndrome population in the USA and abroad- about 80% of Downs Syndrome babies are aborted – thanks to the push for genetic testing and the search for the “perfect” baby – which is a form of eugenics.  Unfortunately, Charles Schumer, a new grandfather, who was born Jewish, is an avid supporter of infanticide.  Let us hope that he reflects on the preciousness of life as he looks at his new granddaughter. (I was, to put it mildly, horrified when I heard the late Rabbi Balfour Brickner defend partial birth abortion on the O’Reilly Factor over twenty years ago.  When I confronted him over the phone, he was less than gracious.)

It is thus doubly tragic – given our dwindling numbers – that mainstream Jewish organizations including the ADL, Hadassah and even Hillel, have devoted themselves to the pro-abortion cause.  The ADL and the detestable National Council of Jewish Women have submitted briefs in opposition to overturning Roe.  My organization submitted a brief in favor of overturning Roe.  We have to ask ourselves what has happened to mainstream Jewish organizations that would have them turn Judaism, the original pro-life religion,  on its head and declare that abortion is a “Jewish right” – putting themselves at odds with the Torah and at odds with what true liberalism is:  the defense of the defenseless.  It is also puts them in the same category as Satanists.  Satanism is another “religion” which considers abortion to be religious right.

Radical leftwing groups have taken over what used to be the fine ADL. Under the leadership of Jonathan Greenblatt, the goal of the ADL-  which used to be to defend Jews from anti-Semitism – is to defend against so-called extremism and to promote the Democrat party.  Per Greenblatt, the only extremists are Republicans.  Greenblatt totally ignores the hatred coming from the Squad and even the mainstreaming of anti-Semitism in the Democrat party.  In the next election cycle it is entirely possible that NYC will not have a single Jewish member in congress.  I mention the radicalization of the Democrat party – most American Jews remain Democrats – because its most sacred platform is its extreme push for abortion rights for anyone at any time for any reason.

The National Council of Jewish women routinely defends anti-Semites such as Linda Sarsour. In fact, there is nothing “Jewish” about this group. Its founder, Hannah G. Solomon, was a Stalinist.  This group hides behind the canard that “abortion is a Jewish value” basing this on an obscure passage in Exodus (21:22-25) regarding the punishment for a man who causes a woman to miscarry.  This is the same group that pushes for gay and transgender rights while ignoring Leviticus an its dictates against sodomy. In order words, it cherry picks from the Torah which values to defend.   Any value which does not conform to its lefty extremism is ignored.

Let us also not forget that the abortion pill was originally created by the Nazis who enjoyed torturing pregnant Jewish women.  Among the earliest victims of the Nazi regime were the disabled – all in the name of “compassion” of course.  The war that is being conducted on sick babies is an extension of this.  Again, in the name of “compassion”.  We need disability rights organizations to denounce the aborting of sick babies or babies with a poor diagnosis.

Recently, I read an article in AISH about a Jewish woman in Israel who claimed to be Orthodox and who decided to abort a baby whom the doctor had declared would have  “serious problems” – the exact problems never spelled out in the article. Her wimpy husband tells her that it is “her decision”. I found it interesting that the woman involved stated that “she would have dreaded going to the hospital to wait upon surgery for the baby” – showing what a self-centered narcissist she is.  This is the mind of a self-entitled woman who believes she is entitled to a perfect life with a perfect child.  Recently, on another AISH talk, I heard a woman who claimed to be religious state that women need the right to an abortion because of the infant formula shortage and because “child care is expensive”.  I agree that child care is expensive.  But killing babies in the womb does not bring down the cost of child care and it does not miraculously produce baby formula.  These are two examples of supposedly religious women giving in to secular selfishness and preening narcissism.

Online in a chat room for flamenco fans, one woman had the nerve to write that “You can’t be Jewish and pro-life” because of her misinterpretation of Exodus.  My response?  Norm Coleman and Lee Zeldin manage to be pro-life.  I blocked her and the others who were Catholic-bashing and attacking pro-life Jews as they are incapable of reasoned discourse and debate.  This is the same crowd that refers to babies as “parasites” language that the Nazis employed for people whom they deemed “undesirable”.  Another woman, a “rabbi” called her own abortion “sacred” and had the audacity to go to a mikva after she had taken her abortion pills.  Obviously a rabbi or religious leader should not be engaging in premarital sex.  Of course, there is no mention of the baby’s father since men have been made irrelevant thanks to decades of Roe.

There is a group called Jexidus whose goal is to encourage American Jews to leave the Democrat party.  I am hoping that those who leave – and they have had much success in Florida- will also embrace the pro-life plank of the Republican party as the Democrat Party has turned its back on pro-lifers.   Let us continue to promote a culture that welcomes children and makes it easier for women to give birth.  A society that does not value the lives of its babies is a society that will slowly rot from within.  People who seek to destroy a great religion by misrepresenting it play to the anti-Semites in the crowd.

Carol Sanger of Columbia University was invited, but did not respond.

Resources:  Pregnancy week-by-week, 18 USC Chapter 90A §1841, New York ACLU, Abortion and Judaism, National Geographic June 23, 2022 article on Roe v. Wade.